Essential to the American Dream is the notion that hard work will create the opportunities to succeed regardless of where you start in life or your race, ethnicity, or gender. However, an examination of mobility—movement up and down the income and living standards ladder—shows that turning this dream into reality has not been getting easier.

Intragenerational mobility

Intergenerational mobility

The impact of race, wealth, and education on mobility

Income inequality and mobility

Has the American Dream become more or less attainable over time?

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